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冰川冻土 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 145-155.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2018.0501

• 寒旱区水文与水资源 • 上一篇    下一篇

甘肃河西走廊内陆河流域节水战略选择——地表水与地下水联合管理

曲玮1,2, 李振涛1, Eefje AARNOUDSE3, 谭艳美1, 赵怡芳1   

  1. 1. 兰州大学 资源环境学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 北京师范大学珠海分校 管理学院, 广东 珠海 519085;
    3. Center for International Development and Environmental Research, Giessen University, Giessen, Germany
  • 收稿日期:2017-06-11 修回日期:2018-01-12 出版日期:2018-02-25 发布日期:2018-04-13
  • 通讯作者: 李振涛,E-mail:jlsdlzt@163.com E-mail:jlsdlzt@163.com
  • 作者简介:曲玮(1968-),女,山东龙口人,教授,2008年在兰州大学获博士学位,从事资源经济学和农村经济学研究工作.E-mail:quw@lzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目(12BJY100);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目(861949)资助

Water saving strategy in inland river basin of Hexi Corridor in Gansu Province: conjunctive management of surface water and groundwater

QU Wei1,2, LI Zhentao1, Eefje AARNOUDSE3, TAN Yanmei1, ZHAO Yifang1   

  1. 1. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. School of Management, Beijing Normal University, Zhuhai, Zhuhai 519085, Guangdong, China;
    3. Center for International Development and Environmental Research, Giessen University, Giessen, Germany
  • Received:2017-06-11 Revised:2018-01-12 Online:2018-02-25 Published:2018-04-13

摘要: 过去20多年甘肃河西走廊内陆河流域的水资源管理经历了各类制度改革,不同程度地推动了地表水和地下水的联合管理。但是,由于机构设置及其权限制约以及改革目标差异,河西走廊地区的3个内陆河流域水资源管理效率差异化越来越显著,与石羊河流域相比,黑河和疏勒河流域的监管制度和管理办法并未完全跳出多头管理体制的窠臼,地表水和地下水没有形成有效的联合管理。通过梳理3个流域的水资源管理机构设置和管理模式,总结农业灌溉用水监管的经验教训,对比分析地表水和地下水联合管理措施在实践操作中的利弊,进一步探讨流域联合管理的实践意义和实现路径,寻求普遍适用于内陆河流域水资源的管理办法,保障内陆河流域节水战略的顺利实施。近10 a的实践经验表明:地表水和地下水联合管理是内陆河流域提高水资源利用效率、促进水资源可持续利用最为有效的路径,更是实现区域生态环境绿色发展的必由之路。

关键词: 河西走廊, 内陆河流域, 节水战略, 地下水, 地表水, 联合管理

Abstract: Over the past 20 years, the water resources management in the Hexi Corridor region has undergone various institutional reforms, promoting the conjunctive management of surface water and groundwater in different degrees. However, the differentiation of water management efficiency in the three inland river basins in the Hexi Corridor region has become more and more obvious due to the differences in institutional settings and restriction of authority and reform objectives. Compared with the Shiyang River basin, the regulatory regimes and management practices in the Heihe River basin and Shule River basin are very chaotic. The lack of effective conjunctive management of surface water and groundwater is the key issue. This paper summarized the experiences and lessons of agricultural irrigation water management by combing the establishment of three water resources management agencies and their authority and management modes, and compared both advantages and disadvantages of the conjunctive management measures of surface water and groundwater in practice. Further explorations of the practical significance and realization path of the conjunctive management of river basins have been made, and the universal management of water resources in the inland river basins is discussed, in order to guarantee the smooth implementation of the water-saving strategy in the inland river basins. The practical experiences of the past 10 years have shown that conjunctive management of groundwater and surface water is the most effective way to improve the utilization efficiency of water resources and promote the sustainable utilization of water resources in inland river basins, and is the unique way to realize the green development of regional ecological environment.

Key words: Hexi Corridor, inland river basin, water saving strategy, ground water, surface water, conjunctive management

中图分类号: 

  • TV213.4