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冰川冻土 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (1): 186-196.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2017.0328

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

玉龙雪山国家地质公园地质遗迹资源类型划分及其综合评价

齐翠姗1,2, 何元庆1,2, 王世金2, 何则3, 石晓非1,2, 史晓宜1,2   

  1. 1. 兰州大学 资源环境学院 西部环境教育部重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    3. 中国科学院 地理科学与资源研究所 区域可持续发展分析与模拟重点实验室, 北京 100101
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-24 修回日期:2017-11-03 出版日期:2018-02-25 发布日期:2018-04-13
  • 通讯作者: 何元庆,E-mail:yqhe@lzb.ac.cn E-mail:yqhe@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:齐翠姗(1991-),女,河南开封人,2015年在信阳师范学院获学士学位,现为兰州大学在读硕士研究生,从事冰川地貌与地质公园规划研究.E-mail:qicsh15@lzu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    丽江-玉龙雪山省级旅游开发区管理委员会委托专项“玉龙雪山及周边地区古冰川旅游资源的调查研究”;国家自然科学基金委重大项目“中国冰冻圈服务功能形成过程及其综合区划研究”第三课题“中国冰冻圈过程与人文服务功能评估”(41690143);中国博士后科学基金面上项目(2015M582728)资助

The classification and comprehensive assessment of the geological relics resources in Mt. Yulong National Geopark

QI Cuishan1,2, HE Yuanqing1,2, WANG Shijin2, HE Ze3, SHI Xiaofei1,2, SHI Xiaoyi1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Western China's Environmental Systems(Ministry of Education), College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    3. Key Laboratory of Regional Sustainable Development Modeling, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
  • Received:2017-04-24 Revised:2017-11-03 Online:2018-02-25 Published:2018-04-13

摘要: 通过文献综述和多次野外考察,依据国土资源部针对地质遗迹印发的最新分类标准,对玉龙雪山地质公园内地质遗迹资源进行分类,并运用层次分析法与综合评估方法对地质遗迹资源亚类进行评价。结果表明:地质公园内地质遗迹资源可分为地质剖面、地质构造、地貌景观、环境地质遗迹景观、水体景观5个大类、9个类、15个亚类;评价因子权重文化属性>自然属性,科研价值=科普价值>美学价值>经济社会价值>典型性>稀有性>系统性>历史文化价值>自然性;地质遗迹资源亚类划分为三级,其中有I级地质遗迹亚类4个、Ⅱ级8个、Ⅲ级3个。总体上,玉龙雪山国家地质公园内地质遗迹类型多样且保存完整,以河流地貌和构造地质遗迹为主要代表,以冰川地质遗迹为主要特色。地质遗迹资源丰富、普遍品质高,有极高的科研、科普价值,尤其是地学方面的研究意义重大。通过对玉龙雪山国家地质公园地质遗迹评价,为地质公园内地质遗迹资源保护和可持续发展提供基础资料和科学参考。

关键词: 地质遗迹, 定量评价, 玉龙雪山, 地质公园

Abstract: According to the literature review, field investigations and the latest taxonomy on geological relics issued by the Ministry of Land and Resources in 2016, the geological relics of the geological park at Mt. Yulong were classified into several types. Additionally, the methods of Analytic Hierarchy Process and Comprehensive Assessment are also applied for the evaluation of sub-classified geoheritages. Accordingly, the geoheritages in the park can be classified into five categories, including geological profile, geological structure, physiognomy landscape, environment geological relics and water landscape, 9 classes and 15 subclasses. Moreover, the weight of evaluation factor decreased in the following order:Cultural attribute > Natural quality, Scientific value=Popular science value > Aesthetic value > Economic and social value > Typical > Rarity > Systematicness > Historical and cultural value > Naturalness. In addition, the subclass geological relic resources were divided into three grades, including 4 in Level I, 8 in Level Ⅱ and 3 in Level Ⅲ. Generally, the geological relics in national geopark at Mt. Yulong was characterized by multi-types and well preserved. It also recognized that fluvial geomorphology and tectonic landform are predominant in the park, and the most typical geological relics belong to the glacial landforms. The geoheritages with rich types are of high quality and great significance for scientific research and popularization, particularly for the geoscience research. Moreover, the evaluation of geoheritages in Mt. Yulong Geopark can provide a basis and reference for reasonable protection and sustainable uses of the geological relic resources.

Key words: geological relics, quantitative evaluation, Mt. Yulong, geopark

中图分类号: 

  • F592.7