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冰川冻土 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (2): 214-222.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2018.0025

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

1980-2011年全球不同地区冰川物质平衡变化分析

张国飞1, 李祥飞1, 李忠勤2   

  1. 1. 南京师范大学 地理科学学院, 江苏 南京 210023;
    2. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室/天山冰川观测试验站, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2017-12-10 修回日期:2018-01-10 出版日期:2018-04-25 发布日期:2018-07-02
  • 作者简介:张国飞(1989-),男,甘肃临泽人,2014年在西北师范大学获硕士学位,现为南京师范大学博士研究生,从事陆面过程集成建模及其运用研究.E-mail:zhangguofei_lz@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重大科学研究计划项目(2013CBA01801);国家自然科学基金项目(41301069;41641003)资助

Analysis of the changes of glacier mass balances in different parts of the world from 1980 to 2011

ZHANG Guofei1, LI Xiangfei1, LI Zhongqin2   

  1. 1. School of Geography Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China;
    2. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science/Tianshan Glaciological Station, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2017-12-10 Revised:2018-01-10 Online:2018-04-25 Published:2018-07-02

摘要: 在气候变暖背景下,全球大多数冰川加速退缩,冰川物质亏损严重,呈负平衡增长趋势。利用世界冰川监测服务处(WGMS)最新刊布的物质平衡资料,对全球重点监测冰川的物质平衡现状及结果进行扼要的总结和比较,分析了1980-2011年全球不同地区冰川物质平衡的区域特征、变化过程及总体变化趋势,评估了冰川物质平衡对海平面变化的贡献。结果表明:1980-2011年,全球冰川物质亏损严重,加速退缩,平均减薄了14 m,其中阿尔卑斯山脉及太平洋海岸山脉的退缩尤为明显,平均减薄了30 m左右;各地区冰川的平均物质平衡变化趋势与全球平均趋势基本保持一致,具有典型的纬度地带性分布特征;物质平衡变化过程分为正平衡波动型、负平衡波动型及负平衡持续增长型三类,但总体上处于负平衡持续增长趋势;在全球继续增温的未来,冰川将会继续退缩,物质亏损强度不断增大,负平衡趋势不断增强。冰川物质平衡对海平面上升的贡献呈增大趋势,且与全球气温上升基本上是同步的。

关键词: 全球冰川, 物质平衡, 海平面变化

Abstract: Most of the glaciers in the world are seriously retreating with the climate warming; mass balances of the glaciers show a serious mass loss and a negative balance tendency. In this paper, based on the new mass balance data published by the World Glacier Monitoring Service, the current status of the glaciers in the world is summarized and compared; the regional characteristics, the change process and the overall tendency of the glacier mass balance changes in different parts of the world, as well as the recent contribution of glacier mass balance to sea level rise, are analyzed. The results showed that the global glaciers had experienced an accelerating mass loss and accelerating shrink, and the average glacier thickness had thinned 14 m from 1980 to 2011; the Alps and the Pacific Coast Ranges were particularly vulnerable, where glaciers had thinned about 30 m in average; the average mass balance changing tendency of the glaciers in different parts of the world had basically consistence with the general global average tendency; the changes of mass balance had been characterized by typical latitudinal zonality. Temporally, the change process of the mass balance of global glaciers may be divided into fluctuating positive balance type, fluctuating negative balance type and continuous increasing negative balance type. However, as a whole, the general tendency is continuous increasing negative balance. As the global climate warming in the future, the global glaciers will continue to shrink, mass loss rate will be increasing, negative balance will be increasing. The contribution of glacier mass balance to sea level rise will be increasing. It is believed that global temperature rise will be basically in synchrony.

Key words: global glaciers, mass balance, sea level change

中图分类号: 

  • P343.6