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冰川冻土 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (4): 846-852.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2018.0091

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

河西走廊疏勒河流域水资源管理问题分析

黄珊1,2,3, 冯起1,2, 齐敬辉4, 陆志翔1,2, 龚志宏5   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院 内陆河流域生态水文重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    3. 中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;
    4. 兰州大学 资源环境学院, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    5. 疏勒河流域水资源管理局, 甘肃 玉门 735211
  • 收稿日期:2018-01-11 修回日期:2018-03-07 出版日期:2018-08-25 发布日期:2018-10-08
  • 通讯作者: 冯起,E-mail:qifeng@lzb.ac.cn. E-mail:qifeng@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:黄珊(1987-),女,广西柳州人,2015年在中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所获硕士学位,现为中国科学院西北生态环境资源研究院在读博士研究生,从事生态经济与区域可持续发展研究.E-mail:huangshan@lzb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2017YFC0404305);国家自然科学基金项目(31370466)资助

Analyzing and discussing the water resources management in Shule River basin in Hexi Corridor

HUANG Shan1,2,3, FENG Qi1,2, QI Jinghui4, LU Zhixiang1,2, GONG Zhihong5   

  1. 1. Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. Key Laboratory of Eco-hydrology of Inland River Basin, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    3. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;
    4. College of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    5. Shule River Basin Water Resources Administration, Yumen 735211, Gansu, China
  • Received:2018-01-11 Revised:2018-03-07 Online:2018-08-25 Published:2018-10-08

摘要: 从水资源管理体制、配置程序、市场化管理等方面探讨了河西走廊疏勒河流域水资源管理及存在的问题。目前流域已建成较健全的用水者协会体系,水价和水权在不断调整以适应水资源管理的需求。其管理存在以下问题:受地方行政、企业等多方权力博弈的影响,地表水和地下水处于双线管理状态,未能实现流域水资源的全面统一管理;用水者协会的职能未得到充分发挥,公众参与水资源管理不积极;流域内水价、水权制度不完善。建议如下:应在甘肃省水利厅和酒泉市政府之间形成协调机制,以协调各相关方的权益,完善流域管理局和地方政府统一协调的水资源管理体系,实现流域水资源的集成管理;加强流域机构立法,实现流域水资源的统一管理与调配;将协会的职责和义务融入到村委会的职务中,并完善水价制度,建立水权交易市场,以调动公众的自我管理和实现水资源的高效利用。

关键词: 水资源管理, 管理体制, 水价, 水权, 疏勒河流域

Abstract: In this paper, water resources management system, water resources allocation process, market management and the problems in Shule River basin are discussed. It was found that a sound Water Users Association (WUA) system has been built in the basin. Water price and water right have been constantly adjusted to adapt to the demand of water resources management. However, there are still some problems in water resource management:(1) It's failed to realize the comprehensive unified management for lacking of stakeholders involved in the water management decisions and the strong power of the local government in water resources management. (2) The function of WUA can't be carried out adequately and the public have no passion to participate in water resources management. (3) The water price and water rights system have not been completed yet. Facing with these problems, the following suggestions are proposed:(1) a powerful coordination organization, between Water Resources Department of Gansu Province and Jiuquan Municipal Government, should be established to coordinate the interests of each related parties, improve the water resources management system and realize the integrated water resources management. (2) The legislation of river basin institutions should be strengthened in order to realize unified management and allocation of the water resource. (3) It will be more conducive to water management if integrate the responsibilities and obligations of WUA into the village committee's routine. (4) Moreover, water price system should be improved and water right trading market should be established, which will mobilize the public into self-management in water resources and use water resources efficiently.

Key words: water resources management, management system, water price, water right, Shule River basin

中图分类号: 

  • TV213.4