img

官方微信

img

群号:冰川冻土交流群

QQ群:218834310

高级检索

冰川冻土 ›› 2018, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (5): 925-933.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2018.0311

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

大气气溶胶密度观测研究进展

樊茹霞1,2, 孙俊英1,3, 张璐1,4, 沈小静1, 张养梅1, 车浩驰1,4, 夏灿1   

  1. 1. 中国气象科学研究院 国家灾害重点实验室 中国气象局大气化学重点开放实验室, 北京 100081;
    2. 内蒙古自治区气象科学研究所, 内蒙古 呼和浩特 010051;
    3. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    4. 中国科学院大学 地球科学学院, 北京 100049
  • 收稿日期:2017-04-12 修回日期:2018-01-21 出版日期:2018-10-25 发布日期:2018-12-10
  • 通讯作者: 孙俊英,E-mail:jysun@cma.gov.cn. E-mail:jysun@cma.gov.cn
  • 作者简介:樊茹霞(1990-),女,内蒙古乌兰察布市人,助理工程师,2016年在中国气象科学研究院获得硕士学位,从事大气气溶胶特性研究.E-mail:frxhappy99@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点基础研究发展计划“973计划”项目(2014CB441201);国家自然科学基金项目(41475118;41675129);中国气象科学研究院基本科研业务费重点项目(2017Z11;2016Z01)资助

Progress in observation studies of atmospheric aerosol density

FAN Ruxia1,2, SUN Junying1,3, ZHANG Lu1,4, SHEN Xiaojing1, ZHANG Yangmei1, CHE Haochi1,4, XIA Can1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Severe Weather & Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry of CMA, Chinese Academy of Meteorological Sciences, Beijing 100081, China;
    2. Inner Mongolia Institute of Meteorological Sciences, Hohhot 010051, China;
    3. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Sciences, Northwest Institute of Eco-environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    4. College of Earth Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • Received:2017-04-12 Revised:2018-01-21 Online:2018-10-25 Published:2018-12-10

摘要: 大气气溶胶的气候效应、环境效应、健康效应均与其物理化学性质密切相关,其中,密度是大气气溶胶重要的物理性质之一。密度影响着粒子的输送过程和在人体肺部的沉积过程。密度可以分别将电迁移率粒径和空气动力学粒径,数浓度和质量浓度联系起来。密度的变化可为气溶胶的形成和老化过程提供信息,细粒子分粒径的密度还可为大气过程和化学组分的演化提供参考依据。因此,研究大气气溶胶密度对了解气溶胶化学组分,评估气溶胶形成过程以及探究气溶胶在人体内的沉积效率具有重要的意义。由于国内在该领域研究总体较少,对大气气溶胶密度的定义、研究方法、国内外研究进展以及影响因素和变化特征等进行较为系统的总结,对未来开展大气气溶胶密度的观测和研究十分必要。

关键词: 大气气溶胶密度, 研究方法, 影响因素, 变化特征

Abstract: The effects of atmospheric aerosols on climate, environment and health are closely related to their physical and chemical properties. The aerosol density is one of the most important physical properties of atmospheric aerosols. Density affects the transport of particles and the deposition process in the lungs of the human body. Besides, density can associate mobility diameter with aerodynamic diameter, number concentration with mass concentration respectively. In addition, the time series of density can provide information on the formation and aging process of particles. What's more, size-resolved density of fine particle can also provide reference for atmospheric process and chemical composition. Therefore, the study of atmospheric aerosol density has a very important significance to understand chemical composition of aerosols, to evaluate the formation of aerosols and to explore the deposition efficiency in the human body. This paper systematically reviewed the definition, research methods, domestic and foreign research progress, influence factors and variation characteristics of atmospheric aerosol density. Since there are few studies have ever taken in China in this field, it is necessary to carry out more research on the measurement of density of atmospheric aerosols widely.

Key words: atmospheric aerosol density, research method, influence factor, variation characteristic

中图分类号: 

  • X513