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冰川冻土 ›› 2019, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 1264-1270.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2019.1174

• 冰冻圈生态与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

中国冰川旅游资源深度开发路径——以西藏米堆冰川为例

马兴刚1, 王世金1, 琼达2, 杨宇正2, 魏彦强3, 周蓝月1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院 冰冻圈科学国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 西藏藏游旅游开发有限公司, 西藏 林芝 860000;
    3. 中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2019-07-15 修回日期:2019-09-11 发布日期:2020-02-24
  • 通讯作者: 王世金,E-mail:xiaohanjin@126.com. E-mail:xiaohanjin@126.com
  • 作者简介:马兴刚(1993-),男,甘肃榆中人,助理工程师,2019年在西北师范大学获硕士学位,从事冰冻圈与可持续发展研究.E-mail:xgmaxg@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(A类)(XDA23060702);国家自然科学基金项目(41690143)资助

Strategies of deep developing the glacier tourism resources in China: a case study of the Midui Glacier, Tibet

MA Xinggang1, WANG Shijin1, Qiongda2, YANG Yuzheng2, WEI Yanqiang3, ZHOU Lanyue1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Cryospheric Science, Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. Zangyou Tourism Development Co. Ltd, Nyingchi 860000, Tibet, China;
    3. Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China
  • Received:2019-07-15 Revised:2019-09-11 Published:2020-02-24

摘要: 冰川作为现存最壮观的自然景观之一,其旅游活动在过去几十年里发展迅速。然而,随着全球气候变暖,冰川不断消融,冰川变化受到了全球政府部门和游客的广泛关注,冰川旅游价值也在不断升高。我国冰川旅游资源丰富,开发前景可观,但一直以来缺乏科学合理的开发策略,没有统筹规划区域内旅游资源,旅游项目开发缓慢,且同质化严重。基于此,以西藏自治区林芝市岗日嘎布米堆冰川为例,分析了米堆冰川在开发过程中存在的问题,提出景区应坚持保护优先的旅游开发策略,立足"冰天雪地也是金山银山"的开发思路,在妥善解决各方利益的前提下,整合区域内民俗文化资源,挖掘多元化旅游项目与产品,积极拓展旅游市场,发展全域旅游,打造独具特色的旅游文化品牌。与此同时,应关注景区内旅游安全问题。研究旨在提升人们对我国冰川旅游资源的认知与保护意识,形成冰川旅游可持续发展之路,推动地方经济提质增效。

关键词: 米堆冰川, 冰川旅游, 深度开发路径

Abstract: Tourism has developed rapidly in glaciers, one of the most spectacular natural landscapes, in the past few decades. However, with global warming, glacier changing and glacier retreating have attracted widespread attention from governments and tourists around the world, the value of the glacier tourism is also rising. The glacier tourism resources in China are abundant with a golden future for tourism development. However, it was lack of scientific and rational development strategies in the past, glacier tourism development was slow and serious homogenization. It needs a good plan and to make the glacier tourism resources in China realize industrialized and large-scale development. Under this background, taking the Midui Glacier in Kangri Garpo Range, Tibet as an example, we analyzed the problems in the development process, and puts forward that the construction of infrastructure facilities and interpretation system should be accelerated constructing. The advantage of "the most beautiful glacier in China" should be highlighted in the development of glacier tourism in the future, and it is necessary to integrate the folk culture resources near Midui Glacier. We should stick to sustainable development strategies and create a characteristic brand of tourism culture. The purpose of this study is to enhance people's knowledge and protection awareness of glacier tourism, and to help local economy development rapidly. The purpose of this study is to enhance people's awareness of glacier tourism resources in China, form a sustainable development path of glacier tourism, and to promote the quality and efficiency of local economy.

Key words: Midui Glacier, glacier tourism, strategies of deep developing

中图分类号: 

  • F590