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冰川冻土 ›› 2022, Vol. 44 ›› Issue (1): 179-187.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2022.0029

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇

ERA-Interim和CMFD气象驱动数据在新疆额尔齐斯河流域的适用性评价

高黎明1,2(), 张乐乐1,2(), 沈永平3, 张耀南3, 张伟3   

  1. 1.青海师范大学 地理科学学院, 青海 西宁 810008
    2.青海省地表过程重点实验室, 青海 西宁 810008
    3.中国科学院 西北生态环境资源研究院, 甘肃 兰州 730000
  • 收稿日期:2020-07-11 修回日期:2021-10-21 出版日期:2022-02-28 发布日期:2022-03-28
  • 通讯作者: 张乐乐 E-mail:gaogaotahj@163.com;zhang1986lele@163.com
  • 作者简介:高黎明,副教授,主要从事积雪水文过程模拟研究. E-mail: gaogaotahj@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划项目(2019YFC1510502);国家自然科学基金项目(42001060);青海省自然科学基金项目(2021-ZJ-947Q)

Evaluation of applicability of ERA-Interim and CMFD meteorological forcing data in the Irtysh River basin, Xinjiang

Liming GAO1,2(), Lele ZHANG1,2(), Yongping SHEN3, Yaonan ZHANG3, Wei ZHANG3   

  1. 1.College of Geography Science,Qinghai Normal University,Xining 810008,China
    2.Qinghai Province Key Laboratory of Physical Geography and Environmental Process,Xining 810008,China
    3.Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources,Chinese Academy of Sciences,Lanzhou 730000,China
  • Received:2020-07-11 Revised:2021-10-21 Online:2022-02-28 Published:2022-03-28
  • Contact: Lele ZHANG E-mail:gaogaotahj@163.com;zhang1986lele@163.com

摘要:

气象驱动数据质量是影响流域水文过程模拟精度的一个重要因素。基于新疆额尔齐斯河流域及周边区域8个气象站记录的数据,对ERA-Interim再分析资料和中国区域地面气象要素驱动数据集(CMFD)在流域的适用性进行了评价,并对比了ERA-Interim和CMFD气象要素年均值在流域的空间分布。结果表明:ERA-Interim和CMFD记录气温、相对湿度、向下短波辐射和向下长波辐射数据与观测数据具有较高的一致性,但降水和风速数据与观测数据的一致性比较差。小时尺度上ERA-Interim记录的气温、相对湿度、降水量、向下短波辐射准确度略高于CMFD数据,而日尺度上CMFD记录的所有气象要素的准确度均高于ERA-Interim数据,结合Noah-MP模型的模拟结果,认为CMFD数据在新疆额尔齐斯河流域的适用性整体优于ERA-Interim数据。从两种驱动数据获取的流域气象要素空间分布来看,ERA-Interim和CMFD获取的年平均气温、风速、相对湿度、降水量、向下长波辐射在流域空间具有高度一致性,但向下短波辐射空间分布差别较大。

关键词: 气象驱动数据, ERA-Interim, CMFD, 额尔齐斯河流域, 适用性评价

Abstract:

The quality of meteorological forcing data is an important factor affecting the accuracy of hydrological process simulation. Based on the data recorded by eight meteorological stations in the Irtysh River basin of Xinjiang and surrounding areas, this study evaluated the applicability of the ERA-Interim reanalysis data and the China meteorological forcing dataset (CMFD), and compared the spatial distribution of ERA-Interim and CMFD annual mean meteorological elements in the basin. The results show that: (1) the air temperature, relative humidity, downward short-wave radiation and downward long-wave radiation recorded by ERA-Interim and CMFD have high consistency with the observed data, but the consistency of precipitation and wind speed data with the observed data is poor. (2) The accuracy of temperature, relative humidity, precipitation, and downward shortwave radiation recorded by ERA-Interim on the hourly scale is slightly higher than that of CMFD data, while the accuracy of all meteorological elements recorded by CMFD on the daily scale is higher than that of ERA-Interim. Combined with the simulation results of the Noah-MP model, it is believed that the applicability of the CMFD data in the Irtysh River basin is better than the ERA-Interim data. (3) From the spatial distribution of meteorological elements in the basin obtained by the two forcing data, the annual average temperature, wind speed, relative humidity, precipitation, and downward longwave radiation obtained by ERA-Interim and CMFD are highly consistent in the basin space, but the spatial distribution of downward short-wave radiation is quite different.

Key words: meteorological forcing data, ERA-Interim, CMFD, Irtysh River basin, applicability evaluation

中图分类号: 

  • P413