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冰川冻土 ›› 2007, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (5): 830-836.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2007.0143

• 生态经济与可持续发展 • 上一篇    下一篇

社会资本定量评价方法及应用——以黑河流域为例

李玉文, 徐中民   

  1. 中国科学院, 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 寒旱区流域水文及应用生态实验室, 甘肃, 兰州, 730000
  • 收稿日期:2007-02-02 修回日期:2007-05-30 出版日期:2007-10-25 发布日期:2012-04-26
  • 基金资助:
    中国科学院西部行动计划项目(KZCX2-XB2-04-04);国家自然科学基金项目(40671076)资助

Quantificational Appraise of Social Capital:Method and Application——A Case Study in Heihe Drainage Basin

LI Yu-wen, XU Zhong-min   

  1. Laboratory of Watershed Hydrology and Ecological, CAREERI, CAS, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China
  • Received:2007-02-02 Revised:2007-05-30 Online:2007-10-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 社会资本是促使人们参加集体活动的规范、网络和社会制度.参考国际上社会资本定量评价方法,利用问卷调查的形式,通过构造认知型社会资本和结构型社会资本相结合的社会资本指数,对黑河流域各地区微观水平的社会资本作了相对评价.黑河流域社会资本整体水平不高,只有7%乡镇的社会资本指数在80以上的,32%的乡镇在50~80之间,61%的乡镇在50以下.整体上黑河流域社会资本水平上游高于中下游,认知型社会资本高于结构型社会资本,城市社会资本水平高于农村,经济条件好的地方社会资本水平高于经济条件差的地方.研究为进一步探讨水资源社会化管理奠定了基础.

关键词: 社会资本, 指数, 认知型, 结构型, 黑河流域, 社会资本, 指数, 认知型, 结构型, 黑河流域

Abstract: Social capital refers to the norms and the networks that enable people to act collectively.It exists among the people,which can urge the people to participate in the collective activity,including the norms people observed and the relational network people composed as well as the social system.This paper correspondingly appraises the social capital in the Heihe drainage basin by constructing social capital index that is composed of structural social capital and cognitive social capital.The social capital index is switched to number from 0 to 100.In all villages and towns investigated,it is found that villages and towns for social capital indexes under 50 are 61%,villages and towns for indexes form 50 to 80 are 32%,villages and towns for indexes over 80 are 7% only.So one can see the level of social capital for the Heihe drainage basin is not high.On the whole,social capital index gradually decreases form upriver to downriver in the basin.Cognitive social capital is higher than structural social capital in the basin.And individual relations do the most contributions for social capital.People can use cognitive social capital such as comity to get through crisis.These accords with real status of development phase for the Heihe drainage basin.At the same times,it is found that in the Heihe drainage basin social trust and social capital in city are higher than those in country.Social capital index of the developed county is relatively higher.For example,although Shangqind and An’yang are subjected to Ganzhou district,social capital index is 59 in the former while is 20 in the latter;because that net income per capita of the former is double than the latter.In this paper,method of social capital is applied to quantificationally estimate the social capital in the Heihe drainage basin.It will be useful to the research of socialization water management.

Key words: social capital, index, structure type, cognition type, Heihe drainage basin, social capital, index, structure type, cognition type, Heihe drainage basin

中图分类号: 

  • F062.2