冰川冻土 ›› 2007, Vol. 29 ›› Issue (4): 559-569.

• 冰冻圈与全球变化 • 上一篇    下一篇


谢富明1, 毛炜峄2, 张建岗3, 高前兆4, 沈永平4, 王进5, 王顺德5   

  1. 1. 新疆水利厅, 金沟河流域管理处, 新疆, 沙湾, 832100;
    2. 新疆气候中心, 新疆, 乌鲁木齐, 830002;
    3. 塔里木河流域管理局, 新疆, 库尔勒, 841000;
    4. 中国科学院, 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所, 甘肃, 兰州, 730000;
    5. 阿克苏水文水资源勘测局, 新疆, 阿克苏, 843000
  • 收稿日期:2007-04-20 修回日期:2007-06-22 出版日期:2007-08-25 发布日期:2012-04-26
  • 通讯作者: 王顺德,
  • 基金资助:

Analysis of Streamflow from Four Source Rivers to Mainstream of the Tarim River,2005

XIE Fu-ming1, MAO Wei-yi2, ZHANG Jian-gang3, GAO Qian-zhao4, SHEN Yong-ping4, WANG Jin5, WANG Shun-de5   

  1. 1. Administrative Bureau of Jingou River Basin, Shawan Xinjiang 832100, China;
    2. Xinjiang Climate Center, Ürümqi Xinjinag 843000, China;
    3. Administrative Bureau of Tarim River Basin, Korla Xinjiang 841000, China;
    4. Cold and Arid Region Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou Gansu 730000, China;
    5. Aksu Hydrology and Water Resource Bureau, Aksu Xinjiang 843000, China
  • Received:2007-04-20 Revised:2007-06-22 Online:2007-08-25 Published:2012-04-26

摘要: 2004年塔里木河流域四条源流出山口天然径流量272.1×108m3,属丰水年,比多年平均值224.9×108m3多47.20×108m3,增加21.0%;比20世纪90年代平均241.9×108m3多30.20×108m3,增加12.8%,在1957-2005年49 a水文系列中排名第5位.其中,阿克苏河、叶尔羌河、和田河3条源流与多年均值比较,增幅达22%~25%,开都-孔雀河为平略偏丰.四条源流入塔里木河总水量为56.88×108m3,占四条源流出山口天然径流总量的20.9%.根据现今塔里木河综合治理,仍需要制定长远的全面流域规划,以生态系统建设为根本,从工程上、宏观水量控制管理上、经济上和科技手段上,保障实现塔里木河流域水资源的可持续开发利用.

关键词: 四源流径流量, 对干流供水, 径流情势, 塔里木河流域, 2005年

Abstract: In 2005,annual virgin flow of 272.1×108m3 from four mountains basins of Aksu,Hotan,Yarkant and Kaidu-Konque Rivers drain into the Tarim Basin,more 47.2×108m3 than average annual streamflow of 224.9×108m3,increasing by 21%,is an abundant hydrological year.The total annual runoff from the four source rivers in 2005 ranked by No.5 in last 49 years series of 1957-2005.The runoffs in Aksu,Hotan,and Yarkant Rivers in 2005 are a wet year,increasing range of 22%~25% by compared to the mean annual runoff,and the Kaidu-Konque River is a normal year in 2005.The annual total virgin flow of Aksu,Hotan and Yarkant Rivers above the Aler gauging station are 236.3×108m3 from the mountains basins,and of the Kaidu-Konque River from Tianshan Mountains 35.81×108m3.The total discharge of the four source rivers into Tarim River is 56.88×108m3 in 2005,which three tributary river systems(Aksu,Hotan and Yarkant) contributes 53.97×108m3 flows to the Tarim River.Most of this water is consumptively used before reaching the confluence,total consumptive water of four source streams sum up 216.6×108m3,occupy up 79.6 %of annual virgin flow from mountains basin.The proportion of consumed water of upper,middle and downstream occupy the whole consumed water of Tarim River mainstream comparing with their own woodland proportion respectively,the proportion of consumed water was more in the upper stream course,was a little in the middle streams course,and was correspond in the lower course.Water quantity has been drastically reduced and water quality has deteriorated dramatically in the lower reaches of the Tarim River which have negatively impacted irrigated agriculture and pasture lands.Based on the comprehensive governance project of the Tarim River at present,we still need a long-term comprehensive plan for the Tarim river basin to the ecosystem building as a fundamental engineering,by the macro-regulation of water resources management,economic and technological means, and to ensure sustainable water resources development and utilization of the Tarim River.

Key words: runoff from source rivers, streamflow to mainstream, hydrological regimes, Tarim River Basin, 2005


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