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作者投稿 专家审稿 编辑办公 编委办公 主编办公

冰川冻土 ›› 2015, Vol. 37 ›› Issue (2): 454-460.doi: 10.7522/j.issn.1000-0240.2015.0052

• 寒区科学与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇


贠汉伯1,2, 吴青柏1, 芮鹏飞1,2, 陈浩1, 孙志忠1, 俞祁浩1, 陈继1,2, 王俊峰1   

  1. 1. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 冻土工程国家重点实验室, 甘肃 兰州 730000;
    2. 中国科学院 寒区旱区环境与工程研究所 青藏高原北麓河冻土工程与环境综合观测研究站, 青海 格尔木 816000
  • 收稿日期:2014-09-01 修回日期:2015-03-04 出版日期:2015-04-25 发布日期:2015-06-06
  • 通讯作者: 吴青柏, E-mail: qbwu@lzb.ac.cn. E-mail:qbwu@lzb.ac.cn
  • 作者简介:贠汉伯(1984-), 男, 甘肃武威人, 工程师, 2010年毕业于西北师范大学, 现主要从事多年冻土区地表通量观测研究. E-mail: hbyun@lzb.ac.cn
  • 基金资助:

    中国科学院寒区旱区环境与工程研究所青年人才基金项目(Y251B81001); 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2010CB951402)资助

Development of an OTC system with automatic carbon flux observation function in permafrost regions

YUN Hanbo1,2, WU Qingbai1, RUI Pengfei1,2, CHEN Hao1, SUN Zhizhong1, YU Qihao1, CHEN Ji1,2, WANG Junfeng1   

  1. 1. State Key Laboratory of Frozen Soil Engineering, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730000, China;
    2. Beiluhe Observation and Research Station on Frozen Soil Engineering and Environment Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Golmud 816000, China
  • Received:2014-09-01 Revised:2015-03-04 Online:2015-04-25 Published:2015-06-06


在现有的OTC内碳通量观测仪器设备基础上, 设计开发出一套以AT89S51单片机为控制核心, 通过L293D控制电机正反转控制箱盖定时开关, 实现了多年冻土区OTC内碳通量自动观测. 观测主体箱用透明采光性良好的玻璃纤维材料制成, 电机传动采用齿轮传动, 箱口和箱盖接触地方用橡胶密封圈包裹, 防止箱盖密闭时漏气. OTC内碳通量自动观测仪最大可能性的减小了当前模拟增温条件下碳通量观测受自然条件和人为因素的影响, 极大的降低观测费用, 提高了数据的连续性, 基本上实现了多年冻土区模拟增温条件下碳通量较为精确地自动、连续观测. 试验表明: 在气象条件相对较好的2013年5月15日, OTC内碳通量自动观测仪观测结果和传统OTC内利用LI-COR6400观测结果规律性都较强, 野点较少, 二者相关性显著(R2=0.96); 而在气象条件相对较差的2013年9月1日, OTC内碳通量自动观测仪观测结果受外界干扰小, 观测结果规律性强, 野点较少; 而传统OTC内利用LI-COR6400 观测结果规律性较差, 野点较多, 数据可信度不高, 二者观测结果相关性不显著(R2=0.67).

关键词: 多年冻土区, 模拟增温, 碳通量, 自动观测, 开发设计


In this paper, based on the up-to-date OTC carbon flux measurement instrument, a new instrument is developed, which takes AT89C51 single-chip as core of control, L293D to control positive and negative turn of motor to control timing switch of box cover, and DS1232 chipset watchdog circuit as reset circuit to avoid system halt of the single-chip. The main box is made by glass fiber material with superior transparency. The motor is driven by gear. Box mouth and cover are wrapped by rubber seal to avoid gas leakage in seal. OTC inner automatic carbon flux measurement instrument can solve problems such as high observation cost, discontinuous data, impact from natural and artificial factors and irregularity in carbon flux observation under current simulated warming. An automatic, continuous and accurate carbon flux observer in permafrost regions was realized. The test shows that under the favorable weather conditions on June 15th 2013, the observer had similar observation accuracy with the traditional one, in which LI-COR6400 is made use of. They both had less error and significant correlation (R2=0.96), while under bad weather condition on September 1st 2013, OTC inner automatic carbon flux measurement instrument had better observation accuracy as compared with the traditional one. The latter had more irregular data, more error and less reliability and had poor correlation (R2=0.67). The tradition ones are recommended to be discarded.

Key words: permafrost regions, simulated warming, carbon flux, automatic observation, designing


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